How TO Manage Emergency Situations
How to manage Emergency Situations anytime we encounter them . Emergency is part of our lives as its can occur at anytime and that why we all need to be prepared in case of an emergency situations.
How TO Manage Emergency Situations
An Emergency is a situation that poses an immediate risk to health,life, property or environment. Most emergencies require urgent intervention to prevent a worsening situation, although in some situation , mitigation may not be possible and agencies may only be able to offer palliative care for the aftermath.
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Steps TO Manage Emergency Situations
TYPES OF EMERGENCY
We have different types of emergencies and they includes :-
* Life Threatening Emergency : many emergencies cause an immediate danger to the life of people involved . They can range from emergencies affecting a single person,such as the entire range of medical emergencies including heart attacks, strokes, Cardiac arrest, and trauma ,to incidents that affect large number of people’s such as natural disasters including tornadoes, hurricanes, floods and outbreaks of diseases such as cholera, coronavirus , ebola, lassa fever ,maleria etc.
* Health threatening Emergency :
Some emergencies are not necessarily immediately threatening to life, but might have serious implications for the continued health and we’ll beating of a person or persons ( Although a health Emergency can subsequently escalate to life threatening) .
The cause of health Emergency are often very similar to the causes of an emergency threatening to life, which includes medical emergencies and natural disasters, although the range of incidents that can be categorized here is far greater that’s those that cause a danger to life ( such as broken limps which do not usually cause death ,but immediate intervention is required if the person is to recover properly ).
* Enviroment Threatening Emergency:
Some emergencies do not immediately ends life, health or property but do affect the natural environment and creatures living within it . Not all agencies consider this a genuine emergency ,but it can have far reaching effects on the land. Examples would include forest fire and Marine oil spills.
How TO Manage Emergency Situations
Appropriate Actions in Emergency Situations
* Be calm
* Determine the nature of the Emergency
*Know that sudden changes can be Emergency
* Be alert for human- caused emergencies
*Remove yourself from danger
* Help others leaves hazadous area
* Seek additional help.
Tips on Emergency Response
* Don’t panic
* Make sure you are in save position to assist victims if you are in danger.
* Remember the ABCs of life support. I e Airways open. Open and maintain victims airway. Breathing restored – if victim is not breathing then begin rescue breathing Circulation maintained- if no pulse is present ,then call them for Emergency medical services.
* Check for bleeding . Apply direct pressure with a clean cloth and seek medical attention
*Look for signs of shock and broken bones or fractures
* Call your local Emergency service quickly.
* Check for Emergency medical identification on the victim
*Loosen any clothing that may restrict victims breathing or interface with circulation.
* Never give an unconscious person anything by mouth.
* Do not move injured person’s unless situation is life threatening. Keep victim still ,quite and warm.
Emergency management is the managerial function charged with creating the frame work within which Communities reduce vulnerability to hazards and cope with disasters.
Emergency management seeks to promote safer,less Vulnerable communities with the capacity to cope with hazards and disasters.
Emergency management ( or disaster management) is the creation of plans through which Communities reduce vulnerability to hazards and cope with disaster.
Disaster management does not avert or eliminate the threats, instead, if focus on creating plans to decrease the effect of disaster.
Aspect of Emergency management. There are four aspect in Emergency Management. These are :
* The planning aspect :
Thia aspect has to do with preparedness.it involved the training of personnel and acquisition of necessary equipment by the government for it’s agency in order to respond promptly to Emergency Situations.
* Prompt Response :
Its involves the movement of personnel , equipment to the place of incidents.
* Recovery aspect:
At this stage ,some measures are taken to minimize lose it pains of the victims. The personnel try to bring the affected area to the initial stage .
* Mitigation aspect :
The final phase is the mitigation which involves taking steps to ensure no reoccurrence is possible or putting additional plans in place to ensure less damage is done.
Situations that could lead to Emergency Management
An emergency situations is created by the forces of nature,by accident, by a deliberate or an unintentional action that poses serious risks to life or property of Residents.
There are many situations that could lead to Emergency management in many part of the world.
Such Emergency Situations includes ; earthquake, hurricane, tornadoes,flood,act of terrorism etc.
Examples of situation that could lead to Emergency Situations include:
*Act of Terrorism
* Shoot out Incidents
* Outbreak of diseases such as Coronavirus,ebola, lassa fever etc.
Accidents is a sudden event that is not planned and that caused damage or injury. It is an unfortunate incident that happened unexpectedly and unintentionally typically resulting in damage or injury . Typical examples includes motor vehicle collisions, plane crash, ship wreck,boat capsizing,train wreck. Whenever any of this Situations occur on a large scale there may be need for Internation from various emergency units
Fire are the accident that occurs most frequently , whose causes are the most diverse and which require Internation methods and techniques adapted to the condition and needs to each incident.
Fire is a rapid persistent chemical change that releases heat and light and is accompanied by flames
Fire accident can result in catastrophic personal Injury and devastating damage. Every year most countries spend a whopping sum of cash in properties damage occurs as a result of fire. Victims of fire accident can suffer serious harm, including burn injury to their entire body.
Fire incidents always require immediate intervention of fire fighters to minimize the human and material losses .
Flood is an overflow of water that submerges land which is usually dry. It can also be defined as the covering by water if land not normally cover by water .
Flood may occur as an overflow of water from water bodies such as a river ,lake,or ocean in which the water over tips or breaks levees, resulting in some of the water escaping it usual boundaries. It may also occur due to an accumulation of rain water on saturated ground in an areal flood.
Other condition that can result in flood is outdated or dogged drainage system. Flood offer cause damage to homes and businesses .if they are in the natural flood plains rivers.
Whenever flood occurs on a large scale ,there maybe need for intervention of Emergency personnel.
Drowning is the suffocation to death due to being immersed in water . This may occur in the river ,ocean,sea, swimming pool etc.
Near – drowning is a term used to describe almost dying from water suffocation. It is the last stage before actual drowning. Near – drowning victims still require medical attention to prevent related health complications or loss of lives.
* Building Collapse
Building Collapse is the sudden fall if a building because it has become weak or having no strength or support due to weakness.
Building Collapse or collapse of building could be total or partial failure of one or more components of a building leading to the inability of the building to perform it’s principal function of safety and stability .
Follow this precautionary measures whenever you find yourself in an Emergency Situations.
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